Varroa Mite History, Distribution, and Biology

Jamie Ellis from the University of Florida discusses the history, distribution, and biology of varroa mites in honey bee colonies. This is a segment from a m…
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Plants That are Harmful or Can Injure Your Dog

If you’re a dog lover, thoughts of long evening strolls and outdoor recreation with your dog fill your head. In fact, you may have already started to create new fond memories. Given that, the last thing you want on one of your nature walks is for your canine companion to be sidelined by an injury. Unfortunately, many pet parents don’t realize until it’s too late that there are menacing toxins lurking in the plants of both cultivated and wild landscapes. Plants that you are used to seeing in public parks, your neighborhood and perhaps even in your own backyard can lead to devastating effects. First up are four plants commonly used in landscaping that are actually toxic to canines.

Azalea – Rhododendron Species
A typical choice for landscapers due to its hardiness and lovely flowers, these unassuming ornamentals contain a toxin which can be lethal, even in small amounts. Both the plant’s leaves and nectar are known to be harmful if eaten or chewed by your dog, and can cause drooling (often a symptom of nausea), vomiting, weakness and collapse. If greater amounts of its toxins are ingested, it can lead to severe poisoning, possible coma and even death.

Oleander
Widely recognized as one of the most poisonous plants in the world, even minute quantities of Oleander can trigger a fatal response. Unlike the Azalea, every part of the Oleander is toxic, from flowers to roots. If dogs should chew on any part of this plant, they could suffer varying degrees of illness, including upset stomach, abnormal heart functioning and possibly even death. Beware of the sap, which can irritate the skin and eyes, as well as the leaves, which retain their toxicity even when dried out.

Sago Palm
Most commonly used in planned landscapes where climates tend to be hot and dry, Sago Palms are nevertheless popular all over the U.S. While the whole plant contains harmful chemicals, it’s the seeds that contain the highest levels of toxins. Estimates currently put the percentage of animals that die after eating the seeds of the plant as high as three out of four. The incidence of Sago Palm poisoning in dogs and cats has risen 200% in the past few years, although dogs seem to enjoy the flavor of the plant and the seeds more than cats. Ingestion of Sago Palm can cause vomiting, diarrhea, liver failure and seizures.

Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemums are popular ornamentals blooming late in the summer and early in the fall. While beautiful, their flowers contain a natural insecticide. If a canine chews on the Chrysanthemum blooms, the insecticide can cause excessive drooling, vomiting and diarrhea.

If your furry one is exposed to any of these toxic plants, please contact your veterinarian immediately. As is often the case in toxins and poisons, the sooner your pet receives treatment, the less likely they are to experience dramatic, and sometimes fatal, reactions.

And now here is a common weed that can cause a great deal of grief for your pets.

Foxtails
Weeds that resemble the tail of a fox, Foxtails are considered a widespread nuisance in most states, especially west of the Mississippi. Prevalent from late spring to early fall, they become more dangerous in late summer when their seeds dry. When the seeds are released from their pods, they are covered in barbs like little fish hooks, making them potentially very dangerous to your dog. If she merely brushes up against the Foxtail plant, the seeds can become snagged in her coat. Worse, the seeds can pierce the skin, or even be inhaled!

As a result, Foxtail seeds can become lodged between a dog’s toes, in their ears or armpits; they can be inhaled or swallowed and latch onto the interior walls of the nose or throat; or, they can stick to the eyes. Obviously, all of these circumstances can be very painful. Perhaps most frightening, the seeds are so small that they can be difficult to locate, and, if embedded in the skin, have been known to migrate to other areas of the body, resulting in severe infections.

If the Foxtail seed becomes infected under the skin, it may result in a visible, inflamed and painful lump. Commonly these lumps are between the toes, and are painful enough that your dog will repeatedly lick or chew the raised area. If a seed becomes lodged in your dog’s nose, she will likely sneeze, violently and over-and-over, and may even repeatedly paw at her face. If the seed latches to or in her ear, she will likely shake her head side-to-side and/or scratch incessantly at her ear. In the case where a Foxtail becomes stuck in or near the eye, you’ll likely see lots of repeated squinting, tears and redness; you may even see the foxtail poking out!

If you see any evidence of an encounter with a Foxtail, take your dog to the vet immediately. If you notice a red bump in between the toes, soak the paw in a mixture of lukewarm water and Epsom salts. This will help to ease the swelling until you can be seen by your veterinarian. Keep in mind that the longer you wait for treatment, the more difficult it is to treat an embedded Foxtail seed, so time is of the essence.

The best way to prevent Foxtail incidents is with an ounce of prevention. During hikes, keep your dog away from grassy weeds, and check her paws after walks. In addition, you should consider brushing her coat while using your hand to feel for any raised areas, checking inside the ears, in between toes, under armpits and throughout the belly and groin area. If you find a Foxtail in the coat, carefully pull or brush it out. If your dog has thick or long hair, consider getting a ‘Foxtail Clip’, a term applied to trimming away the hair between your dog’s toes. And, if you live in an area where Foxtails are common, remove them from your yard (be sure to exercise caution and carefully bag the weeds).

By using a little common sense and being aware of your surroundings, summer walks can be fun and free from environmental injuries. Then, you can get back to making some wonderful, new, summer memories together with your dog outdoors.

The Perfect Pet Food Blog

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It’s not what it looks like

Someone said this to me the other day: “You have such a glamorous life.”

And I laughed, because I assumed it was sarcasm, but she said it with such sincerity that I paused and said, “Really?”

And she said, “Oh, you know, maybe exciting is a better word- all the travel and….well, the trips and stuff you talk about.” She paused, tilted her head to the side, and realized she was talking to a person holding a grocery bag full of mops and Zero Odor. I was, in fact, on a trip as we spoke. To the grocery store. Which has been the  extent of things lately, as tends to happen sometimes.

It was ironic to me that the person chose this day of all days to make that statement, because this is perhaps the least glamorous day I have had in some time. Apollo has been engaging in some marking behavior the last few months, and if there is one thing that turns my normally mild-mannered spouse into the Hulk, it’s the acrid stench of cat urine in the entryway of the house. Can’t say I blame him. So here we go again, off on a cleaning spree and figuring out what has so disturbed Apollo’s little kitty-brain that he sees no other option than to back on up to the nearest wall and let loose.

The offending area was easy to spot, a Niagara of urine splattered on the wood of the front door, pooling underneath and soaking into the grout and the tile. A lovely way to greet new neighbors, by the way.

I mopped it, dizzy with the fumes.

I mopped it once, I mopped it twice, and still not smelling very nice, I went ahead and mopped it thrice. Even then, it was no dice. My feelings then were not so nice.                                    -Dr. ScrewLoose

After about 18 rounds of attempting to clean the area, including liberal doses of Anti Icky Poo, I could still smell it. I wondered if perhaps there was another area I was missing. I got out the blacklight and investigated the entryway, but if you are anything like me I have no luck with that unless it’s already pitch black in the house, and who wants to clean at midnight? So I went old school, sticking my nose to the ground and trying to ascertain if there was an errant area I was missing in my cleaning attempts by olfactory input.

Did I mention I have a glass door that looks right into our entryway that you pass on the way to the front door? It’s pretty private, which means you have to be in the middle of walking up to the door to see anything, which means of course that any time I’m doing something I’d rather not have witnessed, someone invariably shows up.

There I was on all fours, nose pressed to the ground sniffing like Scooby Doo looking for a Scooby snack with Brody dutifully trailing behind, when I heard a polite cough from the region of the front door. This seems as good a time as any to mention I had just gotten back from a run and didn’t see the point of showering before cleaning up cat pee, so I was in stinky gym clothes and my hair pulled back in a sweaty ponytail while I crawled around smelling my floor. I pushed up to my hands to see the UPS man trying hard to look anywhere but inside the door, well aware that I was probably going to be “sight of the day” at the UPS locker room this evening.

I took the box and shut the door. Sometimes explaining “It’s not what it looks like. I was just sniffing for cat pee” is not the correct answer.

crazy-cat-lady

So there you have it. The glamorous life of a veterinary writer looks a lot like the life of any person with a grumpy cat, bad timing excepted.

If there are any small favors in life to be thankful for, it’s that I was discovered by the UPS man and not, say, the neighbor kids who already have one story too many to share about the weird lady on the corner.

Pawcurious: With Pet Lifestyle Expert and Veterinarian Dr. V.

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Cool Flea images

Some cool Flea images:

Flea Market & RV Park at Menge
Flea

Image by MissMalaprop
Flea Market & RV Park at Menge, Pass Christian, Mississippi

Flea
Flea

Image by Travis S.
This flea was probably 2 feet (70cm) across and shows fairly good detail when considering its actual size.

Mexica artists recreated the aquatic environment around them with pieces such as these fleas. This shows the quality of the sculptors at that time.

In Spanish:

Los artistas mexicas recrearon escultoricamente el ambiente acuatico que les rodeaba, en estas tres piezas, que representan pulgas y otros insectos acuaticos. Ellos muestran la calidad del detalle que alcanzaron los escultores de aquella epoca.

Found: Valle de Mexico and Ciudad de Mexico

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GIVEAWAY // Win a $50 Gift Card to ASOS!

Win a $  50 ASOS Gift Card from Bubby & Bean!

Happy Friday!  I am absolutely thrilled to start the weekend off by announcing a giveaway to go shopping at one of my very favorite shops.  Today I’m teaming up with my friends over at ASOS to offer Bubby and Bean readers the chance to win a $ 50 Gift Card to spend on their website!  ASOS carries thousands of gorgeous, on-trend designer label clothing items, accessories and shoes.  I personally am a huge fan of their dresses (and desperately wish I could win this giveaway myself!)

To enter, just visit ASOS’s Dress Section, then leave a comment below telling me which dress is your favorite.  That’s it!

Once you’ve completed the mandatory entry above, you can also gain one additional entry for each of the following.  (*Please put each extra entry in a SEPARATE comment in order for it to count.)

  • Like ASOS on Facebook
  • Follow ASOS on Twitter
  • Tweet this: Enter Bubby & Bean’s Giveaway to win a $ 50 gift card to @ASOS_Us! via @MotM_EcoFashion >> http://bit.ly/11UQ2Tb
  • Follow ASOS on Instagram 
  • Post the top image from this giveaway to Instagram and tag it with the following: @ASOS @bubbyandbean #bubbyandbeangiveaway 
  • Add ASOS on Google Plus
  • Click the Facebook Like button below to like this post on Facebook

This giveaway runs through May 10th.  The winner’s name will be randomly chosen and announced here on the blog shortly after. Please note that the winner must have a U.S. shipping address.  Thank you again to ASOS for offering Bubby and Bean readers the chance to win such a great prize!

GOOD LUCK!

Follow Bubby and Bean

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Bubby and Bean ::: Living Creatively

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Dog House Training


Dog House Training

 

dog poopWhen scolding your dog for doing the toilet on the carpet remember that we were once young and did not use the proper toilet either. Your dog needs to be house trained, and this can be done in a few easy steps, but over a long period of time.

 

Dog house training may be one of the hardest training techniques as it is the one that requires the most attentiveness and work. You have to be able to read your dog’s body signals as he can’t tell you when he needs the toilet. Many people make the mistake of assuming that their dog will bark when he needs the loo, sometimes they are lucky to find a dog that will but believe me there are many out there who don’t and accidents are found all over the house!

 


Dog house training requires a few simple steps as we said but they are time consuming ones. Firstly we would recommend putting newspaper in front of the door, that way if you see him doing an accident in the house you can quickly life him there and he will realise that if he needs to go and your not there to let him he has to do it on paper.

 

The next thing you need to know when dog house training is most dogs when they need the toilet will start to get restless and stat sniffing around, this is when you pick them up and take them outside, when they are really young you should take him outside at least once every hour. When you take them outside you can say things “do the toilet” or “do your business” or whatever command you want to use for your doing going out to do the toilet. Once they have done the toilet you must give them lots of affection outside straight away (of course it’s best to wait until they are done) They will soon come to realise that outside is the place to do the toilet and will after some time start asking to go out.

 

There are hundreds of books available on dog house training all of which use different techniques and routines. No dog is going to know straight away that outside is the place to do the toilet, they have to learn and you have to teach them (unless you don’t mind accidents all over the place) Oh and don’t forget to scoop!! perhaps you can use dog poop bags from DogStore.US


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Ticks Can Kill Moose?

Ticks can attack moose in droves, draining their blood and possibly killing them. Moose: Titans of the North : SAT MARCH 8 10P et/pt : http://channel.nationa…

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“THE TRANSITION WAS LIKE WITNESSING A MIRACLE”

BoWe received this letter from Jess Ram about her three year old miniature poodle named Bo and would like to share it with our blog readers.

Praise to Halo

Grain-free turkey, duck, and pheasant food for dogs is fantastic! I have a three year old miniature poodle, Bo, that I rescued. I spent a year trying several different foods that he would eat and want to eat like a “normal” dog. He always would have “bubble gut” and eat about every other day or sometimes every two days.

I finally came across Halo in a local pet store…true story; the bag attracted me because my favorite color is purple. I read the ingredients and liked what I read. I took it home and gave a sample to Bo and he ate it up without hesitation. I wasn’t convinced yet because come on, who doesn’t like something new brought home to them.

The transition was like witnessing a miracle; Bo ate every day! He has been on Halo for three months now and I am just blown away. No more “bubble gut!” Even my cats trys to sneak away a kibble or two. They too will soon be transitioning to Halo.

I am very pleased and impressed with Halo food and what the company stands by and for.

Thank you!
Bo and Jessi

Thank you Jessi for sharing Bo’s story with us and we are so happy to hear that Bo is doing so well.

Halo

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Just a Picture

Lacey’s been feeling a little neglected on the blog lately so I thought I’d share a picture. We were practicing some “obedience” at the park and it never takes long for her to default to her favourite trick.

Crazy Coulee and Little Lacey

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Nice Lice photos

Some cool Lice images:

Goniocotes gallinae
Lice

Image by Albus.
Poultry fluff louse, ventral view, brightfield, objective 4X

Goniocotes gallinae
Lice

Image by Albus.
Poultry fluff louse, dorsal view, head, objective 4X

Goniocotes gallinae
Lice

Image by Albus.
Poultry fluff louse, ventral view, darkfield, objective 4X

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