Pheromone trap for insect pests

Some cool Pest images:

Pheromone trap for insect pests
Pest

Image by IITA Image Library
Pheromone trap for insect pests. (file name: PHM_bc041)

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NSAIDs for Pain Relief Can Cause Problems if Used Together or in Sensitive Animals

We are all interested in reducing pain and inflammation in our pets when it is necessary. Pharmaceutical companies have come up with a variety of medications that help do just that. The downside is that there are a few harmful side effects in a few sensitive animals. Anti-inflammatory drug types are in classes related to aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and cortisone. Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) include the aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen types.

Prednisone is not an NSAID but an anti-inflammatory drug used for allergic reactions, autoimmune problems, and painful chronic joint conditions. I use a cortisone injection and oral prednisone to help with painful itchy skin and ear conditions, severe bowel conditions, and painful joints. I always try to “pulse” the cortisone and prednisone when needed for a few days to a maximum of 2 weeks. It’s always best to use the smallest dose of cortisone every other day to control allergies, chronic diarrhea, or achy joints due to arthritis of old age. A client weaned her German shepherd down to just 5-10 mg every other day to control symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease or food allergy. She used the Prednisone after trying a multitude of foods and home cooking. Her dog weighed 70 pounds and a normal dose of cortisone would usually be at least 20-40 mg once to twice daily for that weight.

From that experience, I realized that the dosage of any pain medication needed (NSAID or steroid like prednisone) may be ultimately dependent on the problem and the individual’s response to the drug. If less medication helps with pain relief, the less chance of side effects!

This is especially important with NSAIDS like aspirin, Rimadyl, Deramaxx, Previcox, Etogesic, Metacam, and the generic forms of these drugs. The warning label for all NSAIDS are  similar and sounds like this.

The most common side effect of NSAIDs is stomach upset, but stomach ulcers may develop, in which case you may see loss of appetite; vomiting; diarrhea; dark, tarry, or bloody stools; or constipation. Side effects involving the kidney include increased thirst and urination, or changes in the urine color or smell. Liver-related side effects include jaundice (yellowing of the gums, skin, or eyes). Other side effects may include pale gums, lethargy, shedding, in-coordination, seizures, or behavioral changes. If any of these side effects are observed, stop treatment and contact your veterinarian.

Liver problems can be serious in sensitive dogs(especially labs)

These drugs are really good for a pet in pain, but remember that they can cause serious side effects in sensitive animals. I often use less than the recommended dose or split the dosage up into twice daily doses for a few days to see how the drug works on a particular patient.

NSAIDS seem to cause the most side effects in stressed animals, especially those recovering from surgery. Surgical patients are commonly given the maximum,  24 hour,   “surgical dose” injection of Rimadyl. I have been giving my surgical patients half that dosage.( the regular twice daily dosage of Rimadyl) I feel that it makes more sense to use a dose that will reduce pain and can be repeated in 12 hours.

NSAIDS work by stopping inflammation-causing prostaglandins present in all cells.  Not all prostaglandins cause inflammation. Some prostaglandins are necessary to prevent acid build up in the stomach and help with normal kidney function (The “happy” types of prostaglandins  are called Cox-1 types, while the “painful or inflammatory” prostaglandin types are called Cox-2). Some NSAIDS can alter the normal balance of the prostaglandins (decrease the happy type needed for a healthy stomach and kidneys) and cause ulcers, kidney problems, or bleeding. NSAIDS more active with stopping Cox-2 prostaglandins are better at pain relief without side effects. For example, aspirin (which stops both prostaglandins) may lower  the “happy”  prostaglandin in the stomach cells causing ulcers. (Remember, prostaglandins are in every cell and have jobs!). This account isn’t entirely biochemically correct but in general describes the scenario.

That being said, NSAIDS are still one of the most common drugs used in veterinary medicine. There are several things you can do to make sure that your pet is not one of the rare patients that will have problems.

Make sure your vet knows about any other medication you have used before starting a course of NSAIDS. Switching from one NSAID to another may need a break of several days to 2 weeks to prevent problems. If a patient has received aspirin or prednisone, NSAIDS and surgery could cause problems. One or two doses of aspirin may not cause concern, but if the patient is older, sensitive, or stressed, two different NSAIDS in a short period of time could cause side effects.

Giving a break between prednisone and other NSAIDS is called the “washout period” to give the stomach, kidneys, liver, and clotting system a breather between different drugs. The body may need a rest between prednisone,aspirin, and the start of NSAIDS. ( Your vet will be able to tell you how much time, if any, to wait between drugs) Your pets sensitivity and reaction to a new NSAID may be more about them as individuals, not the combination. The real facts are really not known. Some literature says 24 hours , 72 hours , and up to two weeks between different drugs!

Try to use the lowest dose that will give relief. In cases of chronic pain you may be able to use the medication daily or every other day instead of twice daily.

Stop giving the drugs if there is nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, or other signs or not feeling good!

Fish oils’ omega-3 fatty acids have an anti-inflammatory effect involving the production of protective instead of inflammatory prostaglandins. Using fish oil may help decrease inflammation as well as help nourish the skin!

Remember: Dogs with arthritis need to be on the thin side and may benefit from glucosamine/chondroitin supplements , raw meaty bones, or slow cooked bones and cartilage. Weight loss and a better diet may decrease the need for NSAIDS!

If you want to know more about feeding a better diet, helping dogs with itchy skin, helping cats lose weight, ear problems, seizures, or chronic bowel issues, check out Dog Dish Diet and Feed Your Pet to Avoid the Vet at http://dogdishdiet.com/order-now . Dog Dish Diet talks about helping medical problems with better ingredients and Feed Your Pet teaches you how to easily and economically slow cook food for your dog and cat.(Feed Your Pet also has nutritional tips for your cat)

Dr. Greg’s Dog Dish Diet

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The Weary Heart by Denise Hildreth Jones {Guest Post}

Running beneath a rain of birdseed, my husband opened the passenger door for me to climb inside as we started our life together. I grabbed the hem of my hand crocheted wedding dress that was over twenty years old and nestled myself into the seat. Laughter bounced through the air and love was almost touchable. My new…



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Sunflower Faith

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Arts and Culture Table 5 3 of 4

Check out these Topical images:

Arts and Culture Table 5 3 of 4
Topical

Image by Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library

Arts and Culture Table 2 1 of 5
Topical

Image by Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library

Arts and Culture Table 4 2 of 4
Topical

Image by Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library

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CAT FINDS HIS WAY BACK HOME SIX MONTHS AFTER HURRICANE SANDY

porsche-lg

In a miraculous journey, Porsche the cat, who went missing during Hurricane Sandy last October, found his way back home to his family.

Uranie Roberts and her daughter Carol Baumann were stunned to hear Porsche meowing on their back deck last week. They hadn’t seen the black cat since October.

According to WCAU-TV in Philadelphia, the family had evacuated their Toms River, NJ home by boat during Hurricane Sandy. They took their beloved Porsche and went 8 miles inland to ride out the storm and its aftermath with relatives.

Click here to read the complete story.

Halo

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Unfortunate Impressions on Bull Dog Terriers

People might be wondering why there is such a name as “bull dog”.

Originally, Great Britain and later, America were obsessed with bloody fights between bulls and dogs. The main function of the canine is to hang on to the bull’s neck and worry the poor animal until it dies. Obviously, these dogs had developed great strength in their jaws.

Among the popular choices of dogs for this sport were the pit bulls. Back then, the selection of pit bulls was so varied that many showed a variety of characteristics that made the sport highly interesting. Later in the life of the sport though, the center of attraction switched towards the fight between pit bulls and not against the bulls themselves.

From these canines rooted most of the bull dog terriers that we know of today.

One of the significant bull dog terriers we have is the American Staffordshire Terrier who is of great interest since it possesses intriguing seemingly opposing characters.

They project strength and physically power but they are not vicious. In fact, this dog is very much associated with its relationship to its family, especially among children. The physical features it has are now only due to their basic nature and orientation during their bloody fights as fighting machines. But this does not negate the fact that they can sometimes show aggressiveness which may somehow work against them. Nevertheless, this can be set off with their loving nature and devotion to human family. Thus, it has a stable temperament which make them good pets and excellent watchdogs.

AmStaff terrier, as it is called by its shorter name suffers in reputation though since it is commonly associated with pit bulls. These dogs are known for their love for challnge and are therefore employed in illegal dog fighting.

Most of the problems root from irresponsible training. Sadly, there are too few AmStaff that are properly trained. And what’s even depressing is that there are innumerable pit bulls that are continually ill-treated by sadistic owners.

We are often confused of what true pit bulls are. In fact, many contend that these dogs must not be called by that name since it elicits unwanted images of gory dog fights. While this breed is not yet officially recognized by the American Dog Breeders Association or the United Kennel Club, the legitimate name remains to be American Pit Bull Terrier.

While it is true that American Pit Bull Terrier is violent in nature, this doesn’t imply that they are made purely for brutal stuffs. As we have earlier said, these dogs are only products of maltreatment and exploitive training (and inhumane) for self serving purposes. Otherwise, American Pit Bull Terriers can be very people loving.

These are also known for their being hardworking on which they excel from. They are also fond of excessive physical activities that would exhaust their power reserves. Thus, this breed is great for those who need company during athletic training. If you are the couch potato personality, please find another breed of dog that would suit your lifestyle.

To clear things off, American Pit Bull Terrier are not officially recognized not because of its ill reputation but mainly due to beliefs that it is not a purebred. One major standard for a dog to be distinguished as member of Kennel Clubs is that it should be purebred. Until more comprehensive findings on its origin are found, this dog will remain unfortunately tagged as “nasty”.

Welcome to The Top Dog Blog!

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Topical Questions – Scottish Parliament: 14th May 2013

http://www.scottish.parliament.uk – Scottish Parliament Topical Questions. 1. Rhoda Grant: To ask the Scottish Government whether it considers that North Sea…
Video Rating: 0 / 5

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A Bed of Cobblestones

You’d think these ancient cobblestones in the village of Bussana Vecchia across the border in Italy, would be uncomfortable, wouldn’t you?  Seems not. In fact, I worried for one second this little dog was dead as he didn’t move until another dog came along and woke him up. 
RIVIERA DOGS

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Don’t Fitch the Homeless

I’ve never bought a piece of Abercrombie and Fitch clothing in my life, so to say I’m not going to in the future wasn’t a big loss for me. I’m with everyone else who was disgusted with CEO Mike Jeffries’ recent statement about their painfully shallow approach to marketing:

“Because good-looking people attract other good-looking people, and we want to market to cool, good-looking people,” he said. “We don’t market to anyone other than that.” And so on and so forth we only sell small sizes and hire models etc.

The reaction has been, unsurprisingly, not so positive for good old Jeffries. One man, in an attempt to damage Abercrombie’s reputation as much as possible, decided he would take them on with a YouTube stunt called “Abercrombie and Fitch get an attitude readjustment #Fitchthehomeless.” Having read all the “You GO GREG!” responses on the net, I checked it out. It was a video of a guy sticking it to Jeffries by giving Abercrombie & Fitch clothing away to homeless people.

I felt immediately uneasy.

These aren’t props, they are people

One of my first experiences working with the homeless was at Loyola Marymount University, volunteering at a soup kitchen in Venice called Bread and Roses. (I was shocked the first day to discover Martin Sheen, standing elbow deep in suds in the kitchen. He volunteered every Tuesday I was there, though you wouldn’t know it since he never advertised that fact.)

I loved talking to the men, women and children who were there. Many of them; most, really, weren’t up for chitchat, but those who wanted a conversation were a breath of fresh air from the silliness I was surrounded by at a private liberal arts college in Los Angeles. It’s a whole different world. It’s humbling.

Later on, at Davis, I learned of a student-run clinic called Mercer Clinic, which provided veterinary care for the homeless of Sacramento. Professors and local veterinarians donated their time alongside veterinary students to provide the dogs and cats with vaccinations and spay/neuter, free of charge. Without the rabies vaccine, the dogs could be confiscated. We provided the vaccine, but also required the sterilization.

People would walk for miles to come to the clinic, waiting patiently out in the cold and occasional rain, sometimes for hours. They were happy to volunteer their stories; women whose dogs protected them from assault on the streets, veterans whose small kittens were their best and only friends in life. “This one’s ^!@hole,” said a man with the salty humor you get used to pretty quickly. “And this one’s $ @#%head.” The veterinarian that day laughed, gave the cats their vaccines, and watched as the man loaded them gently onto the pile of clothing that constituted his life’s possessions in his shopping cart.

mercer1

Real cool kids recognize the value in keeping this going.

I learned basic exam room skills. I learned preventive care. And I learned, by example, compassion. It was the first time I really understood how much of a lifeline a pet can be, and how important my responsibility is to protect that. Many people I met there were more conscientious, more careful with their pets, than some of the wealthiest people I’ve since met over the years.

It was there, with the people our society has cast out, that I learned what it means to respect another human’s dignity.

And this is why that video bothers me, the use of the homeless as a gag, berating a man for his attempt to devalue a group of people by doing the exact same thing to another group. “Ha, if he thinks his clothes on THOSE people are bad, wait till he gets a load of his clothes on THESE GUYS!”

#VetTheHomeless

Mercer Clinic helped me be a better veterinarian and a better human, as it has done for other Davis veterinary students for 20 years. It is now in danger of closing down, and they have one month to raise $ 40,000 to get a new facility lined up.

I’ve long ago given up on being a cool kid; those labels ceased to be interesting to me a long time ago. But I’m fine being thought of as a compassionate one. I ask anyone who was annoyed by Jeffries’ remarks to resist the urge to respond by throwing his clothing at homeless people on video, and instead show him how stupid and irrelevant he is by supporting something that might really make a difference.

Mercer Clinic has helped so many clients, pets, and future veterinarians. Now I’m off to BlogPaws and about to speak to people about what making a difference really means in life. I’d love for you to help me spread the word and help me #VetTheHomeless instead.

Pawcurious: With Pet Lifestyle Expert and Veterinarian Dr. V.

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Latest Dog News

USPS: Buffalo ranks 11th in dog attacks
BUFFALO, N.Y. (WIVB) – The United States Postal Service says Buffalo ranks 11th in the nation for dog attacks. The USPS says there were 24 dog attacks in 2012, this is up two attacks and seven spots from 2011. The USPS says nearly 5,900 postal
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Police: Dog shot during home invasion
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